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Table 1 Application of MFA and LCA on waste management

From: Material flow analysis and life cycle assessment of solid waste management in urban green areas, Thailand

Application Waste type Geographical scope Functional unit Impact coverage Conclusions Ref.
MFA /LCA MSW the city of Cardiff, Wales Management of 168,526 t of MSW in Cardiff, collected between April 2012 and March 2013 GHG - Evaluate a complex, multi waste stream at the meso- level.
- Demonstrates the use of complementary methodologies of MFA and LCA in combination to provide valuable information about the environmental performance of a SWM system.
[3]
MFA/consequential LCA Waste paper and cardboard Spain Recycling of 1 t of waste paper collected in Spain (Nationally and internationally) GHG - The future GHG quantifications should be based on the flows described by MFA and quantified using consequential LCA because methodologies that accurately account for GHG are necessary for decision-making. [14]
MFA/LCA Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)waste Thailand Management of post-consumer PVC waste generated during 2013–2014 GWP, Energy use - MFA successful estimated PVC waste flows while LCA evaluated environmental impacts of PVC waste management [15]
MFA/LCA Food waste Daejeon Metropolitan City in Korea. Management of 1 t of food waste generated from households and small-scale restaurants GWP, Acidification potential, Eutrophication potential, and photochemical ozone creation potential - MFA and LCA were used to quantify the potential environmental impacts of food waste management. [16]
MFA/LCA MSW Switzerland Treatment of all MSW generated in Switzerland, 2012. Cumulative exergy demand climate change, human toxicity and eco-toxicity - The modular MFA/LCA design allows for a detailed assessment of recycling and thermal treatment pathways as well as national waste management strategies. [17]