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Table 5 Comparison of MFA indicator results for different scenarios

From: Material flow analysis and life cycle assessment of solid waste management in urban green areas, Thailand

SWM system Description a Quantity of solid waste treated
S1 S2 S3 S4
Landfilling (t yr− 1)   98.8 101.9 68.2
Landfilling with energy recovery (t yr− 1)   44.8
Recycling (t yr−1)   15.2 7.8 7.8 15.2
Composting (t yr−1)   0 6.1 31.7 52.6
Incineration with energy recovery (t yr−1)   0 2.0 31.7 42.8
Landfill ratio (%) Total tons of SW sent directly to the landfill plus tons of rejected from other facilities divided by total tons of SW 87.8 90.6 60.6 39.8
Recycling/composting ratio (%) Sum of tons of SW sent for recycling and composting divided by the total tons of SW 13.5 12.4 35.0 60.3
Landfill diversion ratio (%) Sum of tons of SW not sent directly to landfill divided by total tons of SW 13.5 14.3 63.3 98.3
  1. a Description and the calculations are according to Turner et al. [3]