Skip to main content

Table 5 Environmental impacts from the production of hydropower electricity (Ecoinvent v.3.6 database)

From: Life cycle analysis of potential municipal solid wastes management scenarios in Tanzania: the case of Arusha City

Category Unit Value
1 kWh* 43.55 kWh* 135.35 kWha
SN-1 (RCL_LF) SN-3 (RCL_AD_LF)
Fresh water eutrophication kg P eq 1.6 × 10 - 6 6.8 × 10 - 5 2.1 × 10 - 4
Human toxicity kg1,4-DCB eq 2.1 × 10 - 3 0.09 0.28
Particulate matter formation kg PM10 2.1 × 10 - 5 9.0 × 10 - 4 2.8 × 10 −3
Fresh water ecotoxicity kg 1,4-DCB eq 1.8 × 10 - 4 8.0 × 10 - 3 0.03
Climate change kg CO2 eq 0.06 2.83 8.91
Terrestrial ecotoxicity kg 1,4-DCB eq 5.3 × 10 - 7 2.3 × 10 - 5 7.3 × 10 - 5
Photochemical oxidant formation kg NMVOC eq 3.8 × 10 - 5 1.7 × 10 - 3 5.2 × 10 - 3
Terrestrial acidification kg SO2 eq 2.1 × 10 - 5 9.2 × 10 - 4 2.9 × 10 - 3
  1. SN Scenario, RCL Recycling, LF Landfilling, CP Composting, AD Anaerobic digestion, DCB Dichlorobenzene, NMVOC Non-methane volatile organic compounds
  2. a Quantity of hydropower electricity contributing to the environmental impacts