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Table 2 International efforts on increasing the recycling targets of plastic wastes

From: Management strategy of plastic wastes in Taiwan

Country Type Target Action Plan Ref.
United Nations Plastic Packaging 2025: 100% (reusable, recyclable, or compostable) To develop innovative business models
To invent innovative materials
To offer funding mechanisms
[2, 3]
European Union Plastic Packaging
Plastic Wastes
2030: 100% (recyclable)
2030: 55% (recyclable)
To expand producers’ responsibilities
To develop quality standards for recycled plastics
To establish the plastic value chain
[15, 16]
United Kingdom Plastic Packaging 2025: 100% (reusable, recyclable, or compostable) To develop recycling labeling rules
To develop design guidelines
To develop innovative recyclable packaging systems
To expand producers’ responsibilities
To identify new opportunities for markets
To encourage citizen participations
[11]
The Netherlands Single-Use Plastic Products /Packaging 2025: 100% (recyclable/reusable)
Undamaged recyclables: >  70%
To develop new product design
To promote chemical recycling
[12]
Japan Plastic Products
Plastic Containers / Packaging
Used Plastics
2025: Plastics should be more sortable, reusable/recyclable
2030: 60%
2035 100%
To initiate storefront drop-offs.
To develop systematic recycling mechanisms.
To optimize recycling (chemical recycling and heat utilization).
To create market demands.
To collect intelligence on the states of global resources.
[13]
South Korea Plastics 2030: 70% To encourage green designs.
To revitalize the recycling infrastructure.
To classify the recycling label systems.
To encourage the collaboration between private and public sectors.
[17,18,19]