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Table 2 International efforts on increasing the recycling targets of plastic wastes

From: Management strategy of plastic wastes in Taiwan

Country Type Target Action Plan Ref.
United Nations Plastic Packaging 2025: 100% (reusable, recyclable, or compostable) To develop innovative business models
To invent innovative materials
To offer funding mechanisms
[2, 3]
European Union Plastic Packaging
Plastic Wastes
2030: 100% (recyclable)
2030: 55% (recyclable)
To expand producers’ responsibilities
To develop quality standards for recycled plastics
To establish the plastic value chain
[15, 16]
United Kingdom Plastic Packaging 2025: 100% (reusable, recyclable, or compostable) To develop recycling labeling rules
To develop design guidelines
To develop innovative recyclable packaging systems
To expand producers’ responsibilities
To identify new opportunities for markets
To encourage citizen participations
The Netherlands Single-Use Plastic Products /Packaging 2025: 100% (recyclable/reusable)
Undamaged recyclables: >  70%
To develop new product design
To promote chemical recycling
Japan Plastic Products
Plastic Containers / Packaging
Used Plastics
2025: Plastics should be more sortable, reusable/recyclable
2030: 60%
2035 100%
To initiate storefront drop-offs.
To develop systematic recycling mechanisms.
To optimize recycling (chemical recycling and heat utilization).
To create market demands.
To collect intelligence on the states of global resources.
South Korea Plastics 2030: 70% To encourage green designs.
To revitalize the recycling infrastructure.
To classify the recycling label systems.
To encourage the collaboration between private and public sectors.