Research articles should report on original primary research.
The abstract is not included in section numbering. Subsection should be numbered 1.1. (then 1.1.1., 1.1.2., ...), 1.2., etc. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
Use the numerical format with the numbers within the bracket, e.g., [1,2,5-7]. For two authors, spell out the names of both authors, e.g., The results are consistent with those reported by Lin and Benjamin . If more than two authors, use et al. For example, Mora et al.  concluded that…
Define acronyms when they first appear. There is no need to define acronyms if they are no longer used in the manuscript. Abstract and text are considered two different sections.
In the text, a simple expression, for example, 1/(a + b), should be used. In separate equations, all formulas should be typed in a stack format (numerators over denominators). Equations should be numbered using Arabic numerals in round brackets. In the text, equations should be referred to as Eq. (1) or Eqs. (2) and (3).
Use SI units. Use min for minutes, h for hours, d for days, yr for years. The proper use of lowercase and uppercase is required, e.g., kg (103 g), MW (106 Watt), k (rate constants) and K (equilibrium constants). The format should be in mg L-1 s-1 (not mg/L-s) with a space in between each individual unit. Always provide a space before the unit, e.g., 0.5 M NaCl solution, 20 g of wet sludge, etc.
Avoid any footnotes. Provide manufacturers’ information (including city, states, and country) when a special piece of equipment has been used. Be careful about the use of significant figures. For minute concentrations, the QA/QC of the data, including the Method of Detection Limits, must be adequately described.
A word template for articles is available to download here.
Sustainable Environment Research strongly encourages that all datasets on which the conclusions of the paper rely should be available to readers. We encourage authors to ensure that their datasets are either deposited in publicly available repositories (where available and appropriate) or presented in the main manuscript or additional supporting files whenever possible. Please see Springer Nature’s information on recommended repositories.